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Enforcement of Prenuptial Agreements in Arizona | Voted “Best of the Valley”

Posted on : March 2, 2016, By:  Christopher Hildebrand
Enforcing Prenuptial Agreements in Arizona

Enforcement of Prenuptial Agreements in Arizona

Enforcement of Prenuptial Agreements in Arizona.

Enforcement of Prenuptial Agreements in Arizona.

Prenuptial agreements (also called antenuptial agreements) are contracts between spouses entered into before marriage. In these agreements, the prospective spouses agree on various aspects of their marriage, generally financial in nature. These agreements are valid in Arizona, as long as the terms agreed to do not violate good morals or law. In the case of Spector v. Spector, 531 P.2d 176 (Ariz. Ct. App. 1975), the Arizona Court of Appeals reviewed a divorce court ruling upholding a comprehensive prenuptial agreement between the divorcing spouses. Dorothy Greenberg and Albert B. Spector were married on January 15, 1965. Before they married, they signed an antenuptial agreement that outlined how their property would be treated during the marriage and in case of divorce. After almost seven years of marriage, Dorothy and Albert divorced on September 17, 1971. The divorce court upheld as valid the antenuptial agreement, and the terms of it controlled most of the financial issues of the divorce. Dorothy appealed the decision, claiming that the agreement terms were contrary to public policy.

The Court of Appeals first noted that Arizona law permits prenuptial agreements as long as they do not encourage divorce. It said that where the prospective spouses wish to change their respective rights by legal agreement before their marriage, “the institution of marriage is thereby strengthened, not weakened. Under such circumstances, such agreements are consistent with public policy, not contrary to it.” It then reviewed and approved of the different terms of the agreement, including • a provision specifying which earnings of Albert would be community property during the marriage (his earnings as an attorney) and which would not be (investment earnings); • a provision stating Dorothy’s agreement that she would not be entitled to any reimbursement for Albert’s use of community earnings for his separate property; • a provision stating that Albert is free to use his community earnings to pay any of his creditors, whether arising from separate property or community property, without any obligation to account to Dorothy for those funds.

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I just want to again thank the Firm for working with me all that it has. I could not have done anything without everyone's assistance. You, Chris and Stacey have been and continue to provide me with compassion and hard work towards my case. Also a very special thanks to Kip for taking my case in the beginning. Also continued support from him and his dedication to providing me with his expertise in this matter.
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After interviewing several law firms, I came across Jennifer Shick, and her firm, who I hired to represent me for my Family Court case. Jennifer has extensive knowledge of the law and is determined to bring the truth to every issue involved within the case. Throughout my case, Jennifer was prepared meticulously as well as went above and beyond all of my expectations. Even when the other party tried to differ from the truth, lie to the Judge, and turn situations around, Jennifer remained attentive and provided substantial evidence to show the judge the facts as well as the proof to support what was the best interests of my children. Additionally, Jennifer helped me endure many difficult experiences, situations and inspired me to remain positive throughout the entirety of my case. Her kindness, compassion, and professionalism helped me through very difficult times and made the process feel a thousand times lighter on my shoulders. She truly has my children and my best interest at heart and I trust her perspective as well as her honesty on each and every aspect of my case. She lessened the burden on my shoulders and even when I felt like the case was not going to go in my favor, Jennifer was open-minded and reassured me that the Judge would, in fact, see the truth, which he did and the case went in my favor. After nine months of court, everything finally came together. I cannot declare how much Jennifer has been an outstanding attorney. She addressed each and every issue with diligence, she cares about her clients and their families. Jennifer genuinely cares about her clients and her dedication to the details of the case was remarkable. Overall, I am extremely pleased with Jennifer’s services and I am truly thankful that I was so blessed to have her represent my children and me. I highly recommend Jennifer as one of the best attorneys in Arizona and if the situation ever arises, I will definitely have her represent my children and me again.
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I was a client of Attorney Kevin Park for the dissolution of a divorce in 2016. And since I had never had the need to hire an attorney before for any purpose, I was somewhat apprehensive of the process. But the very calm and professional demeanor of Mr. Park eased my fears. He adeptly answered all my questions and I clearly knew the process and what to expect. And the skilled manner he communicated with opposing counsel was perfect. When it came down to negotiating with my spouse’s counsel, I knew I had selected the best attorney for my situation. What I noticed and appreciated was that he was using just the right amount of pressure with opposing counsel as was necessary. If you find yourself in this situation, you will want a seasoned professional like Mr. Park on your side. I'm very grateful that he was my attorney and not the opposition!
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Kevin Park of Arizona Estate Planning Attorneys was just what I needed for my divorce. He was very approachable and personable. He was quick to recognize what I needed and provided it quickly and efficiently. I hope to never need a divorce lawyer again, but if I know anyone else who does, I will definitely recommend Kevin.
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21:53 27 Feb 18
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Sam Franchimone
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22:09 12 Sep 13

Arizona Public Policy on Prenuptial Agreements

Dorothy argues that these were contrary to the public policy expressed in Arizona’s community property laws, but the Court rejected this. It noted that those laws do not prevent spouses from determining themselves their present and prospective property rights. This, the Court said, is established law in Arizona for agreements entered into after a marriage, and there was no reason not to extend the logic to agreements entered into before the marriage.

Dorothy next points to a provision in the agreement obligating Albert to provide Dorothy – during the marriage — a standard of living as high as that she had before the marriage. She claims that it impermissibly limits the support she was entitled to after the marriage. But the Court found that the provision had no effect on post-divorce spousal support. The agreement also contained a provision requiring Dorothy to execute a will, immediately after the marriage, in a form provided. In the agreement, she agreed not to change the benefits to Alfred and/or his children, without his written consent, during the marriage. The Court of Appeals reviewed Arizona law and determined that it did not prohibit an antenuptial agreement in which the parties promise to execute wills containing certain desired provisions.

Allegations Prenuptial Agreement is Unfair, Induced by Fraud, and Signed Under Duress

Attacking an Arizona Prenuptial Agreement.

Attacking an Arizona Prenuptial Agreement.

Finally, Dorothy claimed that the agreement was invalid because it was unfair and induced by fraud and undue influence. In Arizona, unfair behavior or fraud invalidates an antenuptial agreement. The Court of Appeals stated the test as follows: The agreement must be free from any taint of fraud, coercion or undue influence; the prospective wife must have acted with full knowledge of the property involved and her rights therein, and the agreement must have been fair and equitable. The lower court had reviewed the circumstances of the case and found that it was fair and free from undue influence. The Court of Appeals agreed, noting that Dorothy had been advised by an attorney before signing it and that she had emerged from the marriage considerably wealthier than she had entered it.

In the divorce case, Dorothy requested the judge to bring in a jury for the divorce trial. The court agreed but noted in its order that the jury was advisory only since the action was equitable in nature. At the end of the trial, the court sent the jury eleven special questions that included many of the factual issues of the case. However, the court rejected all but one of the answers of the jury when it wrote its own findings of fact and conclusions of law. Dorothy argues that this was an error because some of the questions were legal as well as equitable and that a court is bound to follow the jury’s answers to legal questions. The Court of Appeals rejected this.

First, Dorothy did not make this argument to the trial court at the time, so the court had no way to consider it. Second, the Court of Appeals ruled that when the ultimate relief sought in a case is equitable, neither party is entitled to a jury as a matter of right. In that case, all written interrogatories submitted to the jury are advisory only, regardless of whether subsidiary issues in the case can be said to be “legal” as opposed to “equitable.”

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Hildebrand Law, PC | Voted Best of Our Valley in Arizona Foothills Magazine.

Hildebrand Law, PC | Voted Best of Our Valley in Arizona Foothills Magazine.



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