When Arizona’s Child Relocation Statute Does Not Apply
The Arizona child relocation statute is found at Arizona Revised Statute Section 25-408. That statute contains the law that applies when a parent wants to relocate a child more than 100 miles from the child’s home.
So, are there circumstances when Arizona’s child relocation statute does not apply. Well, the Arizona Court of Appeals answered that question in the case of Buencamino v. Noftsinger.
In Arizona, the decision of the court regarding the relocation of a minor child may trigger application of Arizona Revised Statute Section 25-408 (I). There are situations, however, when Arizona’s child relocation statute does not apply.
Requirements Before the Arizona Child Relocation Statute Applies to a Parent’s Request to Relocate a Child
Whether this statute is applicable depends upon two factors being in place; specifically, the existence of a written agreement or court order regarding custody of the minor child(ren) and both parents are currently residing in the state of Arizona.
In Buencamino v. Noftsinger, the Arizona Court of Appeals evaluated the trial court’s ruling regarding whether Arizona Revised Statute Section 25-408 was applicable to the parties’ case.
The Father (Appellant) and Mother (Appellee) had a child together in 2004. The parents were never married.
The child lived at times with each of the parents separately and at other times with both parents together in the same household.
In 2006, the child was living separately with Father.
At this time, Mother made the decision to marry and move to Maryland to join her new spouse. The mother wanted the minor child to accompany her to Maryland, but Father did not agree to the move.
Mother moved to Maryland with the child staying with Father. There was no written agreement or court order regarding custody (legal decision making) or parenting time regarding the child.
When Mother moved to Maryland, Father filed a paternity action. A trial was held and the family court entered an order awarding joint custody and parenting time between Father and Mother.
Father appealed the court’s order, arguing that the case was one of relocation and the family court failed to consider the relocation factors set forth in Arizona Revised Statute 25-408(I).
Arizona Revised Statute Section 25-408(I) states that “in determining the child’s best interests the court shall consider all relevant factors, including:
- The factors prescribed in Arizona Revised Statute Section 25-403;
- Whether the relocation is being made or opposed in good faith and not to interfere with or to frustrate the relationship between the child and the other parent or the other parent’s right of access to the child;
- The prospective advantage of the move for improving the general quality of life for the custodial parent or for the child;
- The likelihood that the parent with whom the child will reside after the relocation will comply with parenting time orders;
- Whether the relocation will allow a realistic opportunity for parenting time with each parent;
- The extent to which moving or not moving will affect the emotional, physical or developmental needs of the child;
- The motives of the parents and the validity of the reasons given for moving or opposing the move, including the extent to which either parent may intend to gain a financial advantage regarding continuing child support obligations; and
- The potential effect of relocation on the child’s stability;
After considering the issue and related statutes, the Arizona Court of Appeals affirmed the order of the family court and reaffirmed that Arizona Revised Statute Section 25-408(B) outlines the statutory prerequisites to be applied when considering the statutory relocation factors.
Pointing towards the plain language of the statute, the Arizona Court of Appeals concluded the family court was required to consider the statutory relocation factors only when one of two prerequisites were met:
- the existence of a written agreement or court order regarding custody or parenting time by both parents; and
- Both parents are residents of the state of Arizona.
When a Judge Does Not Have to Consider the Child Relocation Factors in Arizona
In Buencamino v. Noftsinger, neither prerequisite was met, thus the Arizona Court of Appeals held that the family court was not required to consider the statutory relocation factors of Arizona Revised Statute Section 25-408.
Despite that ruling, a judge can take into consideration a parent who unilaterally relocates a child more than 100 miles from his or her current residence over the objections of the other parent.
As a result, the court could view a parent’s actions in moving a child away from the other parents as a sign that he or she is not the parent most likely to encourage a relationship between the child and his or her other parent regardless if the Arizona child relocation statute did not apply when the parent moved with the child.
The court could then grant custody of the child to the parent who did not move away with the child after taking that factor, as well as all other child custody factors, into consideration.
Meet the Arizona Child Relocation Attorneys at Hildebrand Law, PC
If you need information on when the Arizona child relocation statute does not apply, you should seriously consider contacting the attorneys at Hildebrand Law, PC. Our Arizona child relocation attorneys have over 100 years of combined experience successfully representing clients in child relocation cases in Arizona.
Our family law firm has earned numerous awards such as US News and World Reports Best Arizona Family Law Firm, US News and World Report Best Divorce Attorneys, “Best of the Valley” by Arizona Foothills readers, and “Best Arizona Divorce Law Firms” by North Scottsdale Magazine.
Call us today at (480)305-8300 or reach out to us through our appointment scheduling form to schedule your personalized consultation and turn your Arizona child relocation case around today.
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Chris Hildebrand wrote the information on this page about when Arizona’s child relocation statute does not apply to ensure everyone has access to information about family law in Arizona. Chris is a divorce and family law attorney at Hildebrand Law, PC. He has over 24 years of Arizona family law experience and has received multiple awards, including US News and World Report “Top Arizona Divorce Attorneys”, Phoenix Magazine “Top Divorce Law Firms”, and Arizona Foothills Magazine “Best of the Valley” award. He believes the policies and procedures he uses to get his clients through a divorce should all be guided by the principles of honesty, integrity, and, quite frankly, actually caring about what his clients are going through in a divorce or family law case. In short, his practice is defined by the success of his clients. He also manages all of the other attorneys at his firm to make sure the outcomes in their clients’ cases are successful as well.