Domesticate Child Support Order in Arizona
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Arizona Domesticate Child Support Order
The Arizona Court of Appeals in the Glover case previously ruled that a parent seeking to modify a child support order issued by another state court must properly domesticate the child support order in Arizona before an Arizona court has the authority to consider changing another state’s child support order.
The Glover court ruled proper domestication of that child support in Arizona is a jurisdictional requirement and any orders issued to modify another state’s child support order is void if not properly domesticated.
The question now becomes whether the same compliance with properly domesticating a foreign child support order applies when someone files to enforce, instead of modifying, a child support order in Arizona that was issued in another state.
The Arizona Court of Appeals addressed this issue in the Balazic v.Balazic case.
The Arizona Court of Appeals first rejected the argument that the proper method to domesticate a foreign child support order was to follow Arizona’s Uniform Domestication of Foreign Judgments Act.
Instead, the justices indicated the correct method for domesticating a child support order issued by a court of another state in Arizona is to follow the requirements of the Arizona Uniform Interstate Family Support Act.
The mother in Balazic domesticated her child support in Arizona without following all of the requirements of the Arizona Uniform Interstate Family Support Act and, therefore, failed to properly domesticate the other state court’s child support order in Arizona before seeking to enforce that child support order in Arizona.
In the Balazic case, the court found Ms. Balazic served her former husband, Mr. Balazic, with a motion to enforce child support orders previously issued by a North Carolina court. Ms. Balazic lived in Arizona, and Mr. Balazic lived in Pennsylvania at the time.
The husband responded promptly and requested the court reschedule the hearing to a later date, which the court granted. The husband, however, failed to appear at the hearing and the court proceeded with the enforcement case and issued judgments to the wife and against the husband for the amount of back child support owed, as well as a separate judgment for interest owed on that back child support amount.
The husband appealed the court’s enforcement of child support to the Arizona Court of Appeals. The husband’s primary argument is that the mother’s failure to adequately domesticate the North Carolina child support order, according to the registration requirements outlined in the Arizona Uniform Interstate Family Support Act. P and that, pursuant to the Arizona Court of Appeals prior decision in the Grover case, the trial court lacked jurisdiction to enforce the North Carolina child support order and asserted the Arizona trial court’s judgments were, therefore, void.
Although Arizona’s version of the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act does not directly state whether an enforcement action, as opposed to a modification action, should be treated differently for purposes of comparing or contrasting the prior Arizona Court of Appeals concluded in Glover case, the Arizona Court of Appeals in Balazic v. Balazic case did find an important distinction applied to an action to enforce another state’s child support order, as opposed to an action to modify that other state’s child support orders.
Domesticate Child Support Order in Arizona | The Balazic Case
The Court of Appeals in Balazic indicated the Uniform Interstate Support Act was adopted to provide for a “one order rule”, which means the Act was created to avoid having multiple conflicting child support orders in two or more states.
The Act, therefore, has specific requirements to domesticate an out of state child support order when the purpose of doing so is to modify that other state’s child support order.
The person seeking to change the order must prove he or she has a statutory basis for trying to move jurisdiction over the modification of child support from the other state to Arizona.
The Act, however, has different language about domesticating child support from another state when the purpose is not to move jurisdiction over the child support order from the other state but, instead, to just enforce that foreign state child support order in Arizona.
The Arizona Court of Appeals in the Balazic case concluded simply implementing, as opposed to modifying, the foreign state’s child support order does not violate the policy underlying the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act because it does not create any danger of violating the “one order rule” upon which the Act was passed.
The Arizona Court of Appeals also noted the legislature included the word “jurisdiction” in the portion of the statute about modification of another state’s order, but chose not to use the word “jurisdiction” in the part of the Act about enforcing another state’s child support order in Arizona.
In conclusion, an Arizona court has no jurisdiction to modify another state’s court order if it is not properly domesticated under the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act’s requirements.
You may not use Arizona’s more general Domestication of Foreign Judgments Act in place of following the procedures in the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act.
A modification of a child support order issued by an Arizona judge in violation of proper domestication and assumption of jurisdiction is void.
The provisions of the Act, however, pertaining to the enforcement of another state’s child support order require proper domestication under the Uniform Interest Family Support Act.
Unlike actions to modify support, the domestication provision is procedural and not jurisdictional, such that any orders to enforce another state’s child support order are not voidable even if domestication of that order was done incorrectly.
If you have questions about how to domesticate a child support order in Arizona, you should seriously consider contacting the attorneys at Hildebrand Law, PC. Our Arizona child support and family law attorneys have over 100 years of combined experience successfully representing clients in child support and family law cases.
Our family law firm has earned numerous awards such as US News and World Reports Best Arizona Family Law Firm, US News and World Report Best Divorce Attorneys, “Best of the Valley” by Arizona Foothills readers, and “Best Arizona Divorce Law Firms” by North Scottsdale Magazine.
Call us today at (480)305-8300 or reach out to us through our appointment scheduling form to schedule your personalized consultation and turn your child support or family law case around today.
Arizona Family Law Attorneys in Scottsdale and Tucson Arizona
Other Articles About Child Support in Arizona
- Arizona Child Support Calculator
- Arizona Uniform Interstate Family Support Act Statutes
- Arizona Child Support
- Back Child Support in Arizona
- Calculating Income for Child Support in Arizona
- Child Support and an Unemployed Parent in Arizona
- Child Support Enforcement in Arizona
- How is Child Support Calculated in Arizona
- How is Income Calculated for Child Support in Arizona
- How to Enforce a Child Support Order in Arizona
- How To Enforce Child Support in Arizona
- How to Make Child Support Payments in Arizona
- How to Modify Child Support Order in Arizona
- Modification of Child Support in Arizona
- Modify or Enforce Other State Support Order in Arizona
- Prescott Arizona Modification of Child Support
- Registering Support Order From Another State In Arizona
- The Standard Procedure to Modify Child Support in Arizona
- What is a Wage Assignment in Arizona
- What Is Considered Gross Income for Arizona Child Support in Arizona
- What is Included in an Arizona Child Support Order
- When Does Child Support End in Arizona
- Modification of Child Support When Neither Parent Lives in Arizona
Chris Hildebrand wrote the information on this page about domesticating a child support order in Arizona to ensure everyone has access to information about child support laws in Arizona. Chris is a family law attorney at Hildebrand Law, PC. He has over 24 years of Arizona family law experience and has received multiple awards, including US News and World Report “Top Arizona Divorce Attorneys”, Phoenix Magazine “Top Divorce Law Firms”, and Arizona Foothills Magazine “Best of the Valley” award. He believes the policies and procedures he uses to get his clients through a child support case should all be guided by the principles of honesty, integrity, and actually caring about what his clients are going through.