Debts and Income of a Spouse Not Considered In Arizona Child Support Modification
Once the court enters a final divorce decree, a parent wishing to modify it must show changed circumstances. The changes described must be material and continuing. Does the fact that an unemployed parent finds a job qualify as a material change? What if the parents discussed this possibility when they negotiated a divorce settlement? The Arizona Court of Appeals considered these issues in Jorgensen v. Jorgensen, 640 P.2d 202 (1981).
Facts and Background
Mrs. Jorgensen and Mr. Jorgensen divorced in 1978. They entered into an agreement about their finances. Mr. Jorgensen agreed to pay $200 per month child support for each of the minor children. He also agreed to pay $200 in spousal support for Mrs. Jorgensen.
Under the agreement and court decree, child support for their son would end when he moved in with his father. The child support for their daughter would increase to $300 when she turned 12 years old. Spousal support for Mrs. Jorgensen would end at the end of December of 1980, or when she married or graduated from the university.
In October, 1980, the son moved in with Mr. Jorgensen. By that point, Mrs. Jorgensen had graduated from college and remarried. Mr. Jorgensen filed a petition to modify the dissolution decree to terminate both spousal support and support for their daughter. The court granted the petition and Mrs. Jorgensen appealed from the changed support for their daughter.
Substantial and Continuing Change of Circumstances
A parent seeking to modify the terms of a divorce decree must show that something has changed. They must present evidence of a substantial and continuing change of circumstances. The Court of Appeals reviewed the evidence presented in this case. The Court found that father argued there were three changes of circumstances. They were: 1) his increased debts, 2) Mrs. Jorgensen’s husband’s financial resources, and 3) Mrs. Jorgensen’s new job.
The Court noted that neither of the first two justified a reduction of Mr. Jorgensen’s child support obligation. A parent cannot reduce child support because he voluntarily incurs debts. And the Court said that the income of Mrs. Jorgensen’s new husband was not relevant. However, it said that her new job could be considered a substantial and continuing change of circumstances.
Mrs. Jorgensen argued that the court should not have considered her new job. She claims that while she and Mr. Jorgensen negotiated the divorce agreement, they discussed the possibility of her finding work. She cited cases saying that changed circumstances cannot include matters the spouses considered before agreeing to a settlement. The Court of Appeals did not find the cases controlling here.
In those cases, the Court said, the parties had enough information to accurately estimate the financial impact of an expected change. In this case, the parties did not have enough information to accurately estimate Mrs. Jorgensen’s future income.
In fact, both parties were not even certain that Mrs. Jorgensen would graduate from college. They could not have been certain that she would find employment quickly after graduation. The Court of Appeals ruled that the trial court did not abuse its discretion in modifying support. It had good reason to rule that Mr. Jorgensen and Mrs. Jorgensen did not contemplate her current job when they signed their separation agreement.
Termination of Child Support for Daughter
The Court said that the fact that Mrs. Jorgensen makes a good salary does not end the inquiry. It is a substantial, continuing, and unforeseen change that justified modifying father’s child support obligation. But it does not necessarily follow that Mr. Jorgensen should pay no support for his daughter going forward.
A parent getting a new job does not necessarily mean the other can stop paying support. Here, Mrs. Jorgensen was not working when the couple divorced.Father therefore had to pay for 100% of the child support burden.
At the time of the modification hearing, father was still completely supporting one of the children. He was also providing most of the support for the other child, although Mrs. Jorgensen had a job. Her new job make it unnecessary for Mr. Jorgensen to continue carrying such a heavy share of the support burden.
The court modified the decree so that Mr. Jorgensen supports one child while Mrs. Jorgensen supports the other. This, the Court of Appeals said, was fair.
The Court of Appeals affirmed the ruling of the lower court.