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What Date Does a Court Use to Establish a Change in Circumstances to Modify Spousal Maintenance in Arizona | Voted “Best of The Valley”

Posted on : February 20, 2018, By:  Christopher Hildebrand
What Date Does a Court Use to Establish a Change in Circumstances to Modify Spousal Maintenance in Arizona?

What Date Does a Court Use to Establish a Change in Circumstances to Modify Spousal Maintenance in Arizona?

The Short Answer

The short answer to the question of what date does a court use to establish a change in circumstances to modify spousal maintenance in Arizona is the date the original spousal maintenance orders were issued in a divorce decree or decree of legal separation and not as to any subsequent dates that spousal maintenance order had been modified. Learn more about the Arizona Court of Appeals decision in the case of McClendon vs. McClendon below.

The Long Answer

The clients, in this case, are S.L. McClendon (“Wife”) and C.P. McClendon (“Husband”). The couple entered a consent decree ending their marriage in 2007 after being married 30 years. At that time, Husband was employed as a city manager in AZ. No employment for Wife was indicated. Within the consent decree, Wife would receive, until the further agreement, spousal maintenance of $5500 per month and when Husband retired, she would receive her share of Husband’s retirement that had accrued during their marriage. Note that there was nothing written into the consent decree indicating a length of time Wife would receive the spousal maintenance.

Discussion of the Date to Modify Spousal Maintenance in Arizona

What Date Does a Court Use to Establish a Change in Circumstances to Modify Spousal Maintenance in Arizona?

What Date Does a Court Use to Establish a Change in Circumstances to Modify Spousal Maintenance in Arizona?

Husband retired in AZ, in February of 2014 and moved to California to accept another city manager position. At this time, Husband petitioned to modify the spousal maintenance amount. Wife was now working full time and also receiving her share of Husband’s Arizona retirement. Within six months of Husband’s February 2014 petition, both parties entered into a binding Rule 69 agreement, which is a settlement between parties in a family law case. This means that “the agreement is final and the Court will not change it unless one party can prove that there is a defect in the agreement.” A defect would be a number of reasons why the agreement was not fair to one party or the other. At this time, Husband’s spousal maintenance obligation was reduced to $4000 per month, though the length of time the spousal maintenance would continue was indefinite.

After approximately two years had passed, in 2016, Husband once again petitioned to modify the spousal maintenance obligation. Husband testified at the evidentiary hearing that though Wife only worked part-time prior to the divorce in 2007, she had been working full-time since before the 2014 agreement and had received a raise which provided her with a monthly wage of $2900 per month. Wife had also started receiving her share of Husband’s retirement prior to the 2014 order which was in the amount of approximately $3400 per month. Husband’s portion of his Arizona retirement was approximately $5600 per month, and his California wages were approximately $20,000 per month.

The court ruled in the 2016 order that the time frame in question should start from the original consent decree in 2007 to present and not from the 2014 Order to present. Spousal maintenance was modified from $4000 per month to $2000 per month and the court also ordered the spousal maintenance to terminate in 12 months. The court also denied Wife’s request for attorney’s fees. The orders were based on A.R.S. § 25-319 findings which protect a spouse for a variety of reasons by granting spousal maintenance. In this case, the wife was initially in need of that protection, but Husband insisted that Wife had since become self-sufficient. Wife appealed.

What Date Does a Court Use to Establish a Change in Circumstances to Modify Spousal Maintenance in Arizona?

What Date Does a Court Use to Establish a Change in Circumstances to Modify Spousal Maintenance in Arizona?

Discussing the Facts on the Date to Modify Spousal Maintenance in Arizona

Wife insisted that the superior court erred in three ways. First, she argued that the court used the original 2007 Consent Decree to base the new orders on, instead of the 2014 Modification Order. In order for Husband to modify the spousal maintenance, it would be necessary for him to prove a substantial and continuing change existed to support that modification. If the court used the original 2007 Order, Husband could show that a change existed. Wife argued that if the court used the 2014 Order, no substantial and continuing changes existed to support the modification of that order. According to A.R.S. § 25-327(A), the burden of proving changed circumstances is on the party seeking modification and the party cannot use the same circumstances to support a successive modification. Therefore, the 2007 Order was used to modify the spousal support in 2014 and could not be used again to modify the spousal support in 2016. As § 25-327 does not provide any specific point in time from which to assess the ”changed circumstances” in this case the superior court concluded that “the relevant time period for assessing change is the time from dissolution {2007} to present, not from {2014} to present.” Secondly, Wife argued that the court erred when they technically terminated the spousal maintenance by ordering a deadline of only 12 more months of spousal support following the 2016 Order. Since the parties had entered into a binding Rule 69 agreement in 2014, and as of yet Husband had not proven a changed circumstance that was substantial and continuing, the spousal maintenance could not legally be terminated. Thirdly, Wife reiterated her request for attorney fees. She argued that since the court had erred in their 2016 Orders, she should not be denied the attorney’s fees she is entitled to.

The Decision on the Date to Modify Spousal Maintenance in Arizona

The superior court’s 2016 Order was reversed remanded for the court to reconsider because the superior court misapplied the law in assessing whether Husband had presented a substantial and continuing change in circumstances. Since the case was remanded to the superior court, Wife’s reasonable attorney’s fees she incurred on appeal were awarded.

Call us at (480)305-8300 to schedule your personalized consultation with one of our experienced Phoenix Arizona or Scottsdale Arizona divorce attorneys today.

Scottsdale Arizona Divorce Attorney.

Scottsdale Arizona Divorce Attorney.

Chris Hildebrand wrote this article to ensure everyone has access to information about family law in Arizona. Chris is a divorce and family law attorney at Hildebrand Law, PC. He has over 24 years of Arizona family law experience and has received multiple awards, including US News and World Report “Top Arizona Divorce Attorneys”, Phoenix Magazine “Top Divorce Law Firms”, and Arizona Foothills Magazine “Best of the Valley” award. He believes the policies and procedures he uses to get his clients through a divorce should all be guided by the principles of honesty, integrity, and, quite frankly, actually caring about what his clients are going through in a divorce or family law case. In short, his practice is defined by the success of his clients. He also manages all of the other attorneys at his firm to make sure the outcomes in their clients’ cases are successful as well.