We want to talk about the effect of merger on modification of alimony in Arizona. In Arizona, the decision of the court regarding modification of spousal maintenance is based upon Arizona Revised Statute Section 25-327(A) (2007) which requires that modification be dependent upon changed circumstances.
For modification or termination of spousal support to be warranted it is also necessary that the circumstances be proven by comparison to the situation as in place at the time of dissolution. An issue was raised with the Arizona Court of Appeals regarding the effect of a merger on the modification of alimony in Arizona.
In MacMillan v. Schwartz, Gail E. MacMillan (“Wife”) filed an appeal after the trial court ordered a modification of spousal maintenance. She contended that the court erred in finding that her earnings triggered the modification clause of the original spousal maintenance agreement and in the determination of the actual modified award due to William C. Schwartz (“Husband”).
The two parties were divorced in March of 2005 by a consent decree with a property settlement agreement (PSA) incorporated into the decree.
The PSA included this clause: “Husband shall pay spousal maintenance to Wife in the amount of $6,666.67 per month directly to Wife for a period of eight (8) years commencing April 1, 2005.” In May of 2009, the Husband filed for a modification in spousal support, citing that the Wife was living with her fiancé, decreasing her expenses and that she was purposefully delaying marrying him in order to continue receiving the spousal maintenance. The Wife’s fiancé moved out of the house within the month.
In December of 2009, Wife filed for a modification of spousal support, citing that Husband’s income had increased by 30%, that he was not contributing to the care/support of their 23-year-old son (who lives with the Wife and is completely dependent upon her for financial support), Wife’s illnesses could worsen decreasing her chances to earn a living, and that Wife’s age, employment history, and experience affected her earning ability negatively.
She requested an increase in spousal maintenance from the original amount to $10,000/month and to extend the duration for an additional ten years.
After several attempts to settle on the Husband’s part, the Wife refused to accept the Husband’s proposed settlement unless her request for access to internal documentation of the Husband’s company was provided. She refused to sign a confidentiality agreement regarding the requested access to company documents, so the two parties ended up in court.
Modification of Alimony and Merger
After deliberating regarding the circumstances, the trial court decided to decrease the amount of spousal maintenance to $4,250 due to increased earnings on the part of the Wife. She appealed.
Incorporation vs. Merger of Property Settlement Agreement (PSA) with Decree: The basis for the Arizona Court of Appeals’ decision to affirm the decision made by the trial court to decrease spousal maintenance was based on the fact that the PSA was incorporated into the decree; not merged.
If the PSA had been merged it would have become part of the decree making spousal maintenance modifiable only upon changed circumstances. The incorporation of the agreement into the decree has a different purpose. In this type of situation, the agreement will retain the independent status granted by the incorporation, leaving it subject to rights and limitations pertaining to contract law. The contractual intent of the two parties must be determined.
The Arizona Court of Appeals affirmed the Trial Court’s Decision to Decrease Spousal Maintenance: Once the text of the agreement was considered as well as changed circumstances on the part of both parties, it is clear that the intent behind the original spousal maintenance amount was based on the belief that Wife’s earning capacity was minimal.
As the Wife was receiving income amounting to approximately $60,000/year at the time of the filing, the appeals court found that the trial court did not err in their decision to modify spousal maintenance, in their calculations resulting in the revised award, in their acceptance of the Husband’s assertion that he did not want (or feel it necessary) to support their adult son, in executing a protective order for company documents requested by Wife and on Husband’s behalf, or in awarding partial attorney’s fees to Husband based on unreasonable positions held by wife that forced litigation.
If you need information about the effect of merger on modification of alimony in Arizona, you should seriously consider contacting the attorneys at Hildebrand Law, PC. Our Arizona child support attorneys have over 100 years of combined experience successfully representing clients in alimony cases in Arizona.
Our family law firm has earned numerous awards such as US News and World Reports Best Arizona Family Law Firm, US News and World Report Best Divorce Attorneys, “Best of the Valley” by Arizona Foothills readers, and “Best Arizona Divorce Law Firms” by North Scottsdale Magazine.
Call us today at (480)305-8300 or reach out to us through our appointment scheduling form to schedule your personalized consultation and turn your Arizona alimony case around today.
Other Articles About Spousal Maintenance in Arizona
- RULES FOR INDEFINITE OR LIFETIME SPOUSAL MAINTENANCE IN ARIZONA
- ARIZONA ALIMONY AND SPOUSAL MAINTENANCE LAWS
- ATTRIBUTING INCOME FOR SPOUSAL SUPPORT IN ARIZONA
- WHO QUALIFIES FOR SPOUSAL MAINTENANCE IN ARIZONA
- TERMINATION OF ALIMONY UPON REMARRIAGE IN ARIZONA
- EFFECT OF CDRP PAY ON ALIMONY IN ARIZONA
- MILITARY DISABILITY AND ARIZONA ALIMONY
- VA DISABILITY BENEFITS AND ALIMONY IN ARIZONA
- STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS ON ALIMONY IN ARIZONA
- AMBIGUOUS ALIMONY TERMS IN AN ARIZONA DIVORCE DECREE
- CIRCUMSTANCES TO MODIFY ALIMONY IN ARIZONA
- WHAT DOCTORS SHOULD KNOW ABOUT ALIMONY IN ARIZONA
- EFFECT OF EXCESSIVE SPENDING ON A CLAIM FOR ALIMONY IN ARIZONA
- WAIVING SPOUSAL MAINTENANCE IN A PRENUPTIAL AGREEMENT IN ARIZONA
- ALIMONY AND OVERTIME IN ARIZONA
- CREDIT FOR DIRECT PAYMENTS OF SPOUSAL MAINTENANCE IN ARIZONA
- WAIVER OF SPOUSAL MAINTENANCE IN ARIZONA
- THE DATE COURTS USE FOR A CHANGE IN CIRCUMSTANCES TO MODIFY ALIMONY IN ARIZONA
- WHEN DOES SPOUSAL MAINTENANCE TERMINATE ON REMARRIAGE IN ARIZONA
- DEFENSES TO NON-MODIFIABLE SPOUSAL MAINTENANCE IN ARIZONA
- CATEGORIES OF ALIMONY IN ARIZONA
- NOT SUPPORTING YOURSELF WILL NOT EXTEND ALIMONY IN ARIZONA
- EFFECT OF SHARING LIVING EXPENSES ON ALIMONY IN ARIZONA
- ALIMONY IN ARIZONA FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
- ARE THE COSTS OF HEALTH INSURANCE CONSIDERED FOR ALIMONY IN ARIZONA
- ARIZONA SPOUSAL MAINTENANCE GUIDELINES
- CAN YOU MODIFY OR TERMINATE ALIMONY EARLY IN ARIZONA
- CONTINUING SPOUSAL MAINTENANCE AFTER DEATH OF A FORMER SPOUSE IN ARIZONA
- DENIAL OF SPOUSAL SUPPORT AS A SANCTION IN AN ARIZONA DIVORCE
- EMPLOYMENT HISTORY AND ALIMONY IN ARIZONA
- HOW DO THE ARIZONA SPOUSAL MAINTENANCE GUIDELINES WORK
- HOW LONG DO YOU HAVE TO BE MARRIED TO GET ALIMONY IN ARIZONA
- IS ALIMONY IN ARIZONA TAXABLE INCOME
- LIVING TOGETHER AND SPOUSAL MAINTENANCE IN ARIZONA
- MODIFYING NON-MODIFIABLE ALIMONY IN ARIZONA
- NON-MODIFIABLE SPOUSAL SUPPORT IN ARIZONA
- PROBLEMS WITH ARIZONA ALIMONY CALCULATORS
- STANDARD OF LIVING AND ALIMONY IN ARIZONA
- STOP SPOUSAL MAINTENANCE PAYMENTS IN ARIZONA
- TERMINATE ALIMONY UPON REMARRIAGE IN ARIZONA
- VETERANS DISABILITY AND ALIMONY IN ARIZONA
- WHAT EFFECT DO CHILDREN’S COLLEGE COSTS HAVE ON ALIMONY ARIZONA
- DOCTORS FACING SPOUSAL MAINTENANCE ISSUES IN ARIZONA