DNA Testing to Establish Paternity in Arizona
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Using DNA Testing to Establish Paternity in Arizona
If you have a child born out of wedlock, you need to know about DNA testing to establish paternity in Arizona. We are going to talk to you about the requirements for DNA testing to establish paternity in Arizona. We are also going to talk to you about various types of DNA testing, including prenatal DNA testing. Lastly, we are going to explain the legal requirements relating to the “chain of custody” for DNA tests necessary to have a DNA test admitted as evidence in Court.
Different Methods of DNA Testing to Establish Paternity in Arizona
There are new methods of scientific testing that are very accurate to prove whether a man is the father of a child. Testing laboratories now use DNA testing to establish paternity in Arizona.
The test results can show whether a man is a child’s father to a very high degree of certainty.
All DNA tests will have some degree of accuracy, and no DNA test will indicate a person is guaranteed 100% to be the father of a child.
The law in Arizona only requires that the DNA test indicates the certainty of at least 95% for a judge to be able to presume the person is the father of the child.
If the likelihood of paternity is 95% or greater according to the DNA test, the father then has the burden of proving he is not the father of the child by clear and convincing evidence.
DNA Testing Procedures in Arizona
Typically, DNA testing can be accomplished with only one parent and the child. The mother of the child, therefore, does not have to participate in the DNA testing procedure for a man to determine if he is the biological father of a child through DNA testing.
The testing is typically performed by obtaining a swab from inside the cheek of the father and inside the cheek of the child to obtain what are called Buccal cells. Those samples of Buccal cells are then sent to a DNA testing lab for testing.
Prenatal DNA Testing in Arizona
In some cases, it may be necessary to establish the paternity of an unborn child. Specifically, there may be a need for prenatal DNA testing to establish the identity of the father of a fetus. Fortunately, there are methods to obtain DNA testing of a fetus.
A more invasive way of performing DNA testing of an unborn child is through a process called chorionic villus sampling by which a sample of the placenta is used for the DNA testing or amniocentesis by which amniotic fluid is used for the DNA testing.
However, there is now a much less invasive way to conduct DNA testing of an unborn child. It has been discovered that there is a small amount of the unborn child’s DNA present in the mother’s blood. This DNA is present in the mother’s blood as soon as seven weeks after pregnancy.
Chain of Custody Requirements for the Admission of DNA Test Results
Before you run off and purchase a home DNA test to establish the paternity of a child, you need to first understand the legal requirements for the admission of DNA testing results in court. The law requires a person submitting scientific evidence (i.e., the DNA test results) to establish the property “chain of custody” has been followed in the handling of the test samples all the way through the test and corresponding test results.
Typically, establishing the chain of custody requires testimony from an independent person who properly identified from who the DNA samples were obtained and the subsequent labeling and handling of those samples throughout the DNA testing process.
As a result, you are much better off using a qualified lab that has the proper procedures to later establish the proper chain of custody was used in collecting, processing, and testing DNA samples.
If you have questions about DNA testing to establish paternity in Arizona, you should seriously consider contacting the attorneys at Hildebrand Law, PC. Our Arizona paternity and family law attorneys have over 100 years of combined experience successfully representing clients in paternity and family law cases.
Our family law firm has earned numerous awards such as US News and World Reports Best Arizona Family Law Firm, US News and World Report Best Divorce Attorneys, “Best of the Valley” by Arizona Foothills readers, and “Best Arizona Divorce Law Firms” by North Scottsdale Magazine.
Call us today at (480)305-8300 or reach out to us through our appointment scheduling form to schedule your personalized consultation and turn your paternity or family law case around today.
Arizona Family Law Attorneys in Scottsdale and Tucson Arizona
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- How Can I Establish Paternity in Arizona
- Voluntary Establishment of Paternity in Arizona
- What is Paternity in Arizona
- Where do I Establish Paternity in Arizona
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Chris Hildebrand wrote the information on this page about DNA testing to establish paternity in Arizona to ensure everyone has access to information about paternity laws in Arizona. Chris is a divorce and child custody attorney at Hildebrand Law, PC. He has over 24 years of Arizona family law experience and has received multiple awards, including US News and World Report “Top Arizona Divorce Attorneys”, Phoenix Magazine “Top Divorce Law Firms”, and Arizona Foothills Magazine “Best of the Valley” award. He believes the policies and procedures he uses to get his clients through a paternity case should all be guided by the principles of honesty, integrity, and actually caring about what his clients are going through in a divorce.