Modification of Child Support When Neither Parent Lives in Arizona
Arizona has codified the Uniform Interstate Family Support Act (“UIFSA”) in A.R.S. §25-1201 et seq. UIFSA governs the jurisdiction of the court to establish, modify, or enforce child support orders when more than one state is involved.
In its published decision in State ex rel. Dep’t of Econ. Sec. v. Tazioli, 226 Ariz. 293 (App.2011), the Arizona Court of Appeals examined what happens to an attempt to modify a child support order in Arizona after all the parties have left and moved to different states.
Tazioli involved an Arizona child support order for Father to pay Mother $514 per month that was entered in 2000. In 2008, after all the parties have moved away from Arizona, Father filed a Petition to Modify Child Support.
The State appeared in the action and informed the trial court that Mother refused to submit to the jurisdiction of Arizona. Father’s position was that the trial court had the power to modify the child support order since the existing order was from Arizona and Father was unaware of Mother or the child’s whereabouts.
The trial court issued an order asserting continuing, exclusive jurisdiction over the matter and modified the child support order. The State appealed.
Loss of Jurisdiction to Modify Child Support When Neither Parent Lives in Arizona
On appeal, the State argued that the trial court had erred by finding that it had continuing, exclusive jurisdiction to modify the child support order. The Court of Appeals agreed and found that under A.R.S. § 25-1225(A), Arizona no longer had the power to modify the child support order. A.R.S. § 25-1225(A) states:
- A tribunal of this state that has issued a support order consistent with the law of this state has and shall exercise continuing, exclusive jurisdiction to modify its child support order if the order is the controlling order and either:
- At the time of the filing of the request for modification this state is the residence of the obligor, the individual obligee or the child for whose benefit the support order is issued.
- If this state is not the residence of the obligor, the individual obligee or the child for whose benefit the support order is issued, the parties consent in a record or in open court that the tribunal of this state may continue to exercise jurisdiction to modify its order.
If Mother had consented to the jurisdiction of Arizona, the trial court would have had the authority to modify the child support order under A.R.S. § 25-1225(A)(2), however, that was not the case. The good news is that Father did receive a little assistance in his mission to modify his child support order.
The Court of Appeals directed the trial court, under its authority in A.R.S. §§ 25-1241 and 25-1244, to forward Father’s Petition to Modify Child Support to the appropriate state that would have jurisdiction to adjudicate his action. Father would presumably submit himself to the jurisdiction of that state and the modification could proceed.
Other Articles About Child Support in Arizona
- Arizona Child Support Laws
- Arizona Child Support Calculator
- Arizona Uniform Interstate Family Support Act Statutes
- Arizona Child Support
- Back Child Support in Arizona
- Calculating Income for Child Support in Arizona
- Child Support and an Unemployed Parent in Arizona
- Child Support Enforcement in Arizona
- Domesticate Child Support Order in Arizona
- How is Child Support Calculated in Arizona
- How is Income Calculated for Child Support in Arizona
- How to Enforce a Child Support Order in Arizona
- How To Enforce Child Support in Arizona
- How to Make Child Support Payments in Arizona
- How to Modify Child Support Order in Arizona
- Modification of Child Support in Arizona
- Modify or Enforce Other State Support Order in Arizona
- Prescott Arizona Modification of Child Support
- Registering Support Order From Another State In Arizona
- The Standard Procedure to Modify Child Support in Arizona
- What is a Wage Assignment in Arizona
- What Is Considered Gross Income for Arizona Child Support in Arizona
- What is Included in an Arizona Child Support Order
- When Does Child Support End in Arizona
Chris Hildebrand wrote this article about child support to ensure everyone has access to information about child support laws in Arizona. Chris is a divorce and child support attorney at Hildebrand Law, PC. He has over 24 years of Arizona family law experience and has received multiple awards, including US News and World Report “Top Arizona Divorce Attorneys”, Phoenix Magazine “Top Divorce Law Firms”, and Arizona Foothills Magazine “Best of the Valley” award. He believes the policies and procedures he uses to get his clients through a divorce should all be guided by the principles of honesty, integrity, and actually caring about what his clients are going through in a child support case.