Alimony and Overtime in Arizona
Alimony and Overtime in Arizona | Is Overtime Included in an Alimony Calculation?
The Arizona Court of Appeals in the Woodside v. Woodside case addressed the issue of whether a person working full time who also chooses to work an additional job should have his or her full-time earnings considered when a trial court enters a ruling on alimony in Arizona or whether a judge has the discretion to include income from two jobs when determining how much alimony to award.
Larry argued the trial court erred by taking into account earnings from his second part-time job when calculating the amount of alimony. Evidence at trial established he earned $2,400.00 per month at his full-time position as a building inspector and, since 1994, he also earned an extra $1,500.00 to $1,600.00 per month working part-time as a teacher at a community college.
Mr. Woodside relied on another case, McNutt v. McNutt, for the proposition a party should be able to choose to work
Alimony and Overtime in Arizona.
additional hours without increasing a support obligation. That case, however, did not address alimony but rather interpreted a section of the Arizona Child Support Guidelines, which states a parent is generally not expected to earn income greater than what would be earned from full-time employment, but no such provision exists for alimony in Arizona.
Mr. Woodside also cited two out of state cases, both suggested they were limited to their facts and were both distinguishable from this case. In the first, In re Marriage of Smith, the California Court of Appeals affirmed a trial court’s order modifying an alimony award, finding that the marital standard of living should have been based on what the husband would have earned had he worked at a “reasonable human pace”, rather than working “excessive hours”.
Mr. Woodside conceded, however, that the court clarified in a footnote that its reasoning was case-specific, stating that income from overtime or a second job must be considered by the trial court, but how it is to be considered in a particular case is within the discretion of the court.
In Stuczynski v. Stuczynski, the husband was employed full time when he left the home, but then acquired a second job at an additional thirty hours per week after the parties separated to support the home and allow the wife to obtain employment. The Nebraska Supreme Court held the trial court abused its discretion by including the second job in the income calculation.
Mr. Woodside did not testify regarding how many extra hours he had worked in his teaching job, and there was no
Is Overtime Considered for Alimony in Arizona?
The evidence showed he worked a total of sixty or more hours a week, as the husbands did in Smith and Stuczynski.
Furthermore, Mr. Woodside held his part-time job for eighteen years before the divorce, as opposed to the husband in Stuczynski, who only took the second job to support his family after the parties’ separation. Therefore, the court decided that these two cases did not support his argument.
The justices continued by stating both cases hold that a trial court may consider additional employment depending on the number of hours, the circumstances leading to it, and how long the spouse has worked more than full time during the marriage.
The Justices agreed with the previous rulings holding it is within the discretion of the trial court to decide how these factors will be considered in each particular case. The court found nothing in the Arizona statutes providing or suggesting the trial court cannot consider income earned form a second job when awarding alimony.
Rather, the Justices asserted income from a second job was relevant to several of the enumerated factors, particularly when considering the standard of living during the marriage and the comparative financial resources and earning abilities of the parties. The court concluded the trial court had not abused its discretion by considering Mr. Woodside’s income from his second job.
A trial court determines the amount and duration of alimony with reference to several factors found in Arizona Revised Statute Section 25-318. However, they are only required to rule on the factors relevant to the particular case at hand.
Some important factors that might alter the ruling for alimony include the receiving party obtaining employment and how the property is divided between the parties, but it is within the discretion of the court how heavily these factors will affect the amount or duration of alimony in Arizona.
It is within the sound discretion of the trial court to decide whether income from overtime work or an additional job will be included in calculating a spouse’s income. It is important for an appealing party to take into consideration the latitude the court has in deciding what factors it will examine and how the circumstances of each alimony case will vary from case to case.
If you are facing a divorce, you may need to understand the basics of alimony in Arizona. The court will consider many issues when deciding an alimony case in Arizona, including the effect of the standard of living on an award of alimony. The court will also consider the cost of health insurance, as well as the cost of the children’s college education when awarding alimony.
Call the experienced Scottsdale and Phoenix Arizona alimony attorneys at Hildebrand Law, PC if you have questions about the establishment or modification of alimony.